Jharkhand is the state that shares its own border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. Every year on 15th November celebrates as a Jharkhand Foundation Day, Ranchi is the capital of the state while Dumka is the sub-capital. The official language is Hindi. The other official languages are Angika, Bengali, Ho, Kharia, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia Santali, and Urdu.
What is Jharkhand Foundation Day?
Jharkhand known as ‘The Land of Forest’, Jharkhand celebrates its State Foundation Day on November 15, every year. The state was carved out of Bihar in 2000 just after the Parliament approved the Bihar Reorganization Act in the year 2000. A State which is known to be the clan of Bihar was announced independent on 15th November some 21 years ago.
Later, the government carved out six more districts by rearranging the occurring districts. The 23rd and 24th districts were Khunti and Ramgarh. They came into presence on September 12, in the year 2007.
What is the history of Jharkhand Foundation Day?
The day of the Foundation coincided with the birth anniversary of a well-known tribal leader Birsa Munda. He also remembered as Bhagwan Birsa, who played an important role in the history of the Indian Independence Movement.
The campaign for a separate state of Jharkhand is a mission which is spread over a century. It can be traced back to the early 1900s, when Jaipal Singh, an Indian Hockey captain, and Olympian, proposed the idea of an independent state. According to him, the new state should comprise of the southern districts of Bihar.
It was on the historic date of August 2, in the year 2000, when the Parliament of India approved the Bihar Reorganization Bill. It allowed the formulation of the state of Jharkhand. This new state comprised 18 districts out of Bihar. The state of Jharkhand identified and constructed on 15 November 2000. This marked it as the 28th state of India.
Many historians believe that there was already a unique geopolitical and cultural element called Jharkhand long ago. It dates back to even before the time of the Magadha Empire. Many philosophers now believe that the dialect which the tribes in the state of Jharkhand use are similar to the one used by the Harappa people.
When the British East India Company colonized India, it resulted in spontaneous defiance from the local people. Nearly a hundred years before India’s First War of Independence (1857), Adivasis of Jharkhand already started coming up with what would be a series of recounted rebellions against the British colonial rule. The British were able to repress all of these rebellions by the heavy deployment of troops across the territory.