Guru Govind Singh Jayanti

Guru Govind Singh Ji was born on December 22 according to the Georgian calendar.


When will Guru Govind Singh Jayanti be held in 2022?


His birth anniversary is calculated in accordance with the lunar calendar, and this year, it dictates that Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti will be observed on January 09.


What is this day?


Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated across India with great fervour and enthusiasm as it holds special significance for the Sikhs and is considered one of their most auspicious festivals. This celebration marks the birth anniversary of their tenth Sikh leader.


Why is this day observed?


The day is observed in honour and remembrance of the great warrior, poet, philosopher and spiritual master. This year marks the 355th birth anniversary of Guru Govind Singh Ji.


Who was Guru Govind Singh?


He was the only son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru and Mata Gujri. His birth name was Govind Rai and he was born in Patna, Bihar to a Sodhi Khatri family. When he was merely nine years of age, his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur was killed by Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam. Following his father’s death, he took over as the leader and protector of the Sikhs and continued to fight against the injustices done against his community at the hands of the Mughals.


History of this day


Guru Govind Ji led the Sikhs through his own example; his teachings and philosophy soon gained historical importance in the Sikh way of life. He was responsible for institutionalising the Khalsa, who played a significant role in the protection of the Sikhs after his death and the nine invasions of Punjab.
In 1699, this person initiated the Five K’s tradition of the Khalsa, Kesh – uncut hair; Kangha – a wooden comb; Kara – an iron or steel bracelet worn on the wrist; Kripan – a sword or dagger; and Kacchera – short breeches. In 1708, before his death, Guru Govind Singh Ji declared Sikhism’s holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib as the final Sikh guru.


Significance of Guru Govind Singh Jayanti


Guru Govind Singh Ji’s teaching and warrior spirit hold great importance to the Sikhs even today. During his time, he refused to answer to the Mughal invaders and fought alongside the Khalsa for the protection of his people. Under his guidance, the Khalsa followed a very strict code, in accordance with which they lived their lives. His example inspires people to this day and his writings and poetry still encourage people around the world.


How is Guru Govind Singh Jayanti celebrated?


On this day, Sikhs around the world go to Gurudwaras where prayer meetings are organised in honour of this person. Many families participate in processions organised by the Gurudwaras, hold kirtans and do Seva, which is a significant part of the Sikh religion. Food is also distributed among the needy and poor on this day.

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