Things to know about National Pollution Control Day

India observes National Pollution Control Day on the 2nd of December.

Why is National Pollution Control Day celebrated?

They do it in the memory of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal gas disaster. The industrial accident occurred in 1984 when the gas Methyl Isocyanate leaked on the night of December 2nd–3rd and killed thousands. The main objective of the day is to spread awareness on managing and controlling industrial disasters. The other objectives are to prevent the pollution produced by industrial processes or human negligence and to make people and industries aware of the importance of pollution control acts. The day also aims to bring awareness to people about the prevention of air, water, soil, noise pollution.

What is this year’s theme for this day?

This year’s theme is like any other year – raise awareness about the importance of pollution control and educate people on how to prevent pollution. The National Health Portal of India data reveals that around 7 million people die every year due to air pollution. The data also reveals that nine out of ten people globally do not have access to clean and safe air.

What was the law made for National Pollution Control Day?

Today, the National Green Tribunal has directed that there would be a total ban on the sale and use of all kinds of firecrackers during the Covid-19 pandemic in the NCR and all cities/towns in the country where the ambient air quality falls under the ‘poor’ and above category. A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel said its direction to restrict the use of firecrackers in cities/towns where air quality is ‘moderate’ or below to green crackers and for the duration of not more than two hours will continue. During Christmas, and New Year, green crackers can be used from 11:55 pm to 12:30 am only at places where air quality is ‘moderate’ or below, the NGT said.

Scene of cities on this day

As many as 9 Indian cities are on the list of 10 most polluted cities in the world. The levels of Particulate Matter (PM) exceed 200 in some places. Delhi’s air quality was in the upper end of the very poor category on Wednesday morning, that is, 27th October. Whereas, pollution levels have already entered the severe zone in the neighboring cities of Ghaziabad and Greater Noida. The city’s air quality index (AQI) was 381 at 9 am. 

How to reduce pollution?

  • People are inquisitive to reduce Pollution, but it is not very easy. The various ways are as follows:
  • The government can treat pollution through many of the control measures such as water. They can reuse with the help of many of the projects.
  • People can also reduce pollution by treatment and management of Solid Waste which is scientific. It can be reduced by decreasing waste generation.
  • People can cdecrease pollution through waste reuse and producing power from many types of waste. They can also decrease pollution by the Facility of the Biomedical Waste.
  • People can also reduce pollution by the Facility of the Treatment of Electronic Waste. They can decrease it by Projects of the Water Supply.
  • People can reduce pollution by Project of the Resources Recovery. They can decrease it by Project of the Energy Saving.

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