Revisiting the Day of Kakori Conspiracy Case

Rajasree Roy

The Kakori Conspiracy, in other words, called Kakori Conspiracy Case or Kakori Train Robbery, was done by the Hindustan Republic Association (HRA) in the Kakori town of the United Provinces (presently Uttar Pradesh) on 9 August 1925 during the Indian Independence Movement against the British. 

The conspiracy was executed by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan who had a place with the HRA. The Hindustan Republic Association later turned into the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. This association was set up to complete progressive exercises against the British Empire in India to accomplish freedom. The association required cash for the acquisition of weapons and other things for the fight. Bismil and his party chose to loot a train on one of the Northern Railway lines.

Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshab Chakravarty, Manmathnath Gupta, Mukundi Lal, Murari Lal Gupta, and Banwari Lal were leading faces of this conspiracy. In this incident, one common person got killed. All harm was unintentional. 

The theft occurred at the town of Kakori, around 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Lucknow, the train’s last destination. Onboard this train was going Lucknow after gathering all cash that had been gathered from different railroad stations en route. And that money should have been saved at Lucknow. In a very much arranged activity, Ramprasad Bismil drove a band of 10 progressive activists who halted the train, stifled the train’s gatekeeper and travelers, and constrained open the protected in the watchman’s quarters before escaping with the money found inside it. The freedom fighters were individuals from the recently settled Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), an aggressor association committed to liberating India from British standards through unrest, including equipped defiance. To subsidize their exercises, the HRA completed attacks like train burglary.

The British administration started an intense investigation and arrested several of the revolutionaries who were part of the HRA. The leader of this mission, Ram Prasad Bismil, got arrested at Saharanpur on 26 September 1925, and Ashfaqullah Khan, was arrested on 17 July 1926 at Delhi. Ram Prasad Bismil and some others were charged with various offenses, including robbery and murder.

The court gave the judgment of the Kakori Conspiracy Case on 6 April 1927.  In the prisons, the Revolutionaries were asked to wear the uniform like the other prisoners. They denied, and thus incidents lead to immediate protests and hunger strikes. 

Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Lahiri, Ashfaqullah Khan were sentenced to hanging. With this story, Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra made “Rang De Basanti” featuring Amir Khaan, just like these revolutionaries ahead of time. 

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